Requirements to work in regulated group child care
All staff working with children must be certified within six months of employment. There are three levels of certification:
The Program Supervisor in a licensed day care program must hold a Child Development Supervisor certificate. At least one in every four primary staff working directly with children between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. must hold at least a Child Development Worker certificate. All other staff must hold at least a Child Development Assistant certificate.
All staff working directly with children in a licensed part-day preschool program or out-of-school care program must hold at least a Child Development Assistant certificate.
Staff have six months to obtain certification but may not have unsupervised access to the children prior to certification.
Note: Prior to November 2008, Alberta certified staff as Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3. The earlier classifications remain valid and are equivalent to certification as a Child Development Assistant, Child Development Worker and Child Development Supervisor, respectively.
All staff working with children in a licensed child care centre or preschool program must have a Licence to Practice. There are three levels:
Early Childhood Educator Assistant and Early Childhood Educator one-year Licences to Practice require references while Early Childhood and Educator five-year Licence to Practice requires a competency reference from an individual with an ECE License to Practice in B.C.
The number of staff required to have a particular type of Licence to Practice depend upon the type of facility and ages of children.
B.C. uses the term Licence to Practice; however, to be consistent with other jurisdictions, the term certification will be used interchangeably.
All staff working with children in child care centres, nursery schools and school-age child care centres must be classified. There are three levels of classification:
Two-thirds of staff in a full-time child care centre for 0-6 year olds, and one-half of staff in a school-age centre or nursery school, must be classified as an ECE II or III.
A director in a full-time child care centre must be classified as an ECE III; a director in a school-age centre or nursery school must be classified as an ECE II. Directors are required to also have at least one year of experience in working with children in child care or in a related field.
Requirements for staff qualifications in regulated Early Childhood Education and care programs are:
All staff working with children in a regulated child care centre and who are considered in the child-to-staff ratio must be certified. There are five levels of certification. The first four levels (Entry, Level 1, 2 and 3) are classified according to either the delivery method or the ages of the children in the program; Level 4 is the same for all age groups and family child care. An ECE certificate typically involves one year of post-secondary study while an ECE diploma typically involves two years of post-secondary study.
Preschool: To work in a regulated child care centre with preschool children 2-6 years old who are not attending school:
School age: To work in a regulated child care centre with children 4-12 years old who also attend school:
Infant: To work in a regulated child care centre with children 0-23 months old:
Individuals may have more than one level of certification and classification. See initial application form.
Centre-based programs: An operator or head of a centre is required to have at least Level 2 certification, hold the classifications for the age groups of children the centre is licensed for, and have at least two years experience in a licensed child care centre. The lead staff in a room is required to have at least Level 1 certification in the classification that covers the age group of the children in the room. All other staff are required to have at least Entry Level certification in the classifications for the age groups of the children in the room.
Other: ECE instructors and program consultants are required to have Level 4 certification. Program consultants must also have at least three years experience in a child care setting.
All staff working with children in a licensed child care facility must be classified. There are four levels of Classification:
1. Entry Level Classification: Staff who do not meet the regulated training requirements must complete the Orientation for Staff Working in Licensed Child Care Facilities within the first year of employment.
2. Level One Classification:
3. Level Two Classification:
4. Level Three Classification:
Two-thirds of staff in a licensed centre must hold Level One, Two or Three. Classification, and directors must hold Level two or Three Classification.
Two-thirds of staff in a licensed school-age program must hold Level one, two or three Classification or School-Age Training Approval.
School-Age Training Approval:
One staff person per group of children is required to have a two-year diploma in Early Childhood Education from an approved Ontario College of Applied Arts and Technology (OCAAT) or the equivalent. Centre supervisors must have the same education and have at least two years experience. There are no educational requirements for other staff to work in a child care centre in Ontario.
The College of Early Childhood Educators, established in Ontario in 2007, is a professional self-regulatory organization for Early Childhood Educators. The college regulates the practice of early childhood education, establishes and maintains qualifications for membership and issues certificates of registration. It also has responsibility to enforce professional and ethical standards, investigate complaints against members and deal with issues of discipline.
All individuals using the term "Early Childhood Educator" or "Registered Early Childhood Educator", or who have an ECE diploma or equivalent and are working as a supervisor, staff or resource teacher in a child care centre within the scope of practice as defined in the Early Childhood Educators Act are required to join the College and, effective February 14, 2009, must have applied to the College for registration. See membership requirements
There is one general certificate of registration for the title of :
Child care staff are certified according to the requirements of the license by facility type. An early childhood centre requires a Type I License; a family child care home or school age child care centre requires a Type II license.
In centres de la petite enfance (CPEs), two-thirds of staff working directly with children will require a three-year Diplôme d'études collégiales (DEC), or a one-year Attestation d'études collégiales (AEC) and three years experience. The experience may be gained before, during or after the period of study. In garderies, the requirement for two-thirds of staff to meet these qualifications will become effective in 2011. Currently, one-third of staff in garderies must meet these qualifications. In addition, the holder of a CPE must have a person employed who is responsible for management of the CPE, for planning and for organization of direction, control and evaluation of programs and means of the CPE. This person acts under the authority of the board committee, which is predominantly composed of parents.
There are no educational requirements for the other one-third of staff to work in either a CPE or a garderie in Québec.
The Ministère de la Famille et des Ainés (MFA) is responsible for regulated child care in Quebec.
All staff employed for 65 hours/month or more as a child care worker in a licensed child care centre are required to meet or exceed the qualifications for certification. There are three levels of certification:
Centre directors hired after 2001 must meet the requirements for an ECE III. All child care staff working 65 hours or more in a child care centre must meet the requirements for an ECE I, 30 percent of staff must meet the requirements for an ECE II and, in addition, a further 20 percent of staff must meet the requirements for an ECE III.
All staff who are working in centre-based programs and who are included in the child-to-staff ratio must hold some type of Child Care Worker certification. There are three levels of certification outlined in the Yukon Child Care Act, with an additional two levels of certification described in policy. Each level also describes the number of hours of study that must be completed in various "streams", which include Health, Child Development, Self-Esteem, Methods, Field Placement and Electives.
In centre-based programs, 20 percent of staff must meet or exceed the Child Care Worker III qualifications, an additional 30 percent must meet or exceed the Child Care Worker II qualifications, and the rest must meet or exceed Child Care Worker I qualifications.
For Child Development Assistant certification, a completed application form and photocopy of transcripts or verification of 45 hours of ECE college-level coursework, or completion of the Child Care Orientation Course must be sent to the Child Care Staff Certification Office.
For Child Development Worker and Child Development Supervisor certification, a completed application form and original transcripts/documents must be sent to the Child Care Staff Certification Office.
The processing time is approximately 2-6 weeks and there is no fee for certification.
See the certification guide for further information.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
An application form must be sent with an official transcript, character or competency reference and proof of 500 hours work experience (for ECE 5-year) to the Early Childhood Registry. Applications may be made online or by mail using a paper application. See the application forms available on the website.
The process takes approximately 2-4 weeks and there is no fee to apply for certification.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
Note: In cases where an applicant has received training more than 10 years ago, they are required to demonstrate currency through proof of work experience and professional development. In the event that they have not remained current (i.e., they have not worked in the field for 10 years or done any training), they are referred to their local training institution to have their training assessed and to complete additional course-work.
Application for classification as a Child Care Assistant requires only a completed application form.
Application for classification as an ECE II or ECE III requires a completed application form and original transcript.
Applications may be made online or by mail to the Qualifications Coordinator, Manitoba Child Care Program.
See the classification process for details.
The process for classification must be initiated before beginning employment at a licensed child care centre. The process is usually completed in three weeks or less. Out of province applications may take longer to assess. There is no fee for certification.
There are no residency requirements for certification, but the applicant must have a Canadian address.
Contact the Manitoba Child Care Program for more information.
At this time, New Brunswick does not issue certificates for individuals who meet the staff qualification requirements.
An applicant is required to send a completed application form and official transcripts of any post-secondary programs or courses completed to the Registrar for Child Care Services Certification at the Association of Early Childhood Educators of Newfoundland and Labrador (AECENL).
See Child Care Services Certification information booklet. There is no fee for certification; a frame-size and/or a laminated frame-size certificate is available for $3.00 or $5.00 respectively.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
All staff working directly with children must apply for a Classification or School-Age Training Approval. Application is made to Child Care Staff Classification Services. Visit the Classification for Child Care Staff website for detailed information.
Staff complete an application form and provide official transcripts as proof of having met the requirements for a Classification or School-Age Training Approval.
The process for Classification / School-Age Approval must be initiated before beginning employment at a licensed child care facility. There is no fee for Classification. For more information, see the Child Care Staff Classification Services A Guide to Classification and School Age Approval.
Applicants to the College must submit the application form and a diploma in ECE or a transcript from an Ontario College of Applied Arts and Technology (OCAAT) or a post-secondary institution approved by the College, or a Letter of Equivalency or Recognition of Equivalency. A guarantor's signature verifying the applicant's educational qualifications and proof of Canadian citizenship or immigration status must also be enclosed. English or French fluency is required for registration. See the application form for entry to the College.
See the Application Guide for details.
There is a one-time application processing fee of $75 and a registration fee of $150.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
An applicant is required to send a completed application form and official transcript to the Child Care Facilities Board. See Staff Certification Application Form. There is no fee for certification. Depending on the complexity of the application the process for review/approval can take between one day and three months.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
Québec does not issue certificates for individuals who meet the staff qualifications for employment in regulated child care programs.
An Early Learning and Child Care Application for Certification form must be sent with an official transcript to the Manager of Credentials and Quality Improvement in the Early Learning and Child Care Program. Alternatively, official transcripts may be sent directly from the institution. The process usually takes 4 weeks and there is no fee for certification. Individuals receive either a certificate and a letter indicating what is required to achieve the next level or a letter indicating that not all requirements are met, with the required course areas identified.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
The ECE certification process is administered by the Child Care Services Unit of the Family and Children's Services Division of the Department of Health and Social Services. An applicant requesting certification as a Child Care Worker should submit an application form and an official transcript of completed coursework, issued by the post secondary institution, to the Child Care Services Unit for assessment. Child Care Services may request that the applicant submit a course syllabus to assist in the assessment process.
Applicants will receive a status letter in the mail within 20 working days from the date of submission. Applications are available at the Child Care Services Unit office located at 9010 Quartz Road in Whitehorse, Yukon.
There are no residency requirements for certification.
Applying for a higher certification level
Individuals may apply for a higher level of certification once additional educational requirements have been completed. Official transcripts, documents and/or proof of individual courses completed are sent to the Child Care Staff Certification Office requesting a reassessment.
Individuals may apply for a higher level of certification once additional educational requirements have been completed. An application form and official transcripts are sent to the Early Childhood Registry.
Application for an upgraded level of certification and/or an additional type of classification can be requested by completing a renewal/reissue application form and submitting appropriate documentation of additional education.
A reissue form can be found on the sidebar of AECENL's website.
Application for an upgrade of Classification can be made by completing a Request for Change of Information form and submitting official transcripts of relevant post-secondary education for assessment.
Individuals may apply for a higher level certification once the required education and/or experience has been completed. Official transcripts and, if required, proof of hours of work are submitted with a completed application form to the Child Care Facilities Board.
Individuals may apply at any time for a higher level of certification by completing an application form and submitting evidence of successful completion of their further education.
Certification does not expire; there are no renewal requirements.
The ECE One-Year, ECE Five-Year, and ECE Assistant licenses to practice all have different renewal requirements. The ECE One-Year license to practice must be renewed after one year by submitting an application and a letter outlining what prevented the applicant from completing the 500 hours of work experience and competency reference letter.
Effective November 2009, 40 hours of professional development (PD) is required every five years for an ECE licence; completion of an additional credit course in Early Childhood Education is required for an Assistant ECE licence. A renewal form, confirmation of 400 hours work experience, a character reference and proof of PD must be completed and submitted to the Registry's office. Renewals may be made online or by mail using a paper application. There is no fee to apply to renew certification. See renewal forms available on the website.
Classification does not expire and there are no requirements for renewal.
Certificates are issued for a three-year period. A minimum of 30 hours of professional development is required in the three-year certificate period. Application for renewal should be submitted at least 30 days before the renewal date, along with proof of professional development. A renewal form can be found on the sidebar of AECENL's website.
Classification does not expire provided staff submit proof of continuing professional development.
Staff are required to submit proof of completion of thirty hours of professional development to enhance skills and knowledge specific to early childhood care and education in every three year period following the date their Classification was issued.
Proof of continuing professional development is submitted to Child Care Staff Classification Services.
Registration must be renewed annually. Currently there are no requirements for ongoing professional development. The annual registration fee is $150.
Certification must be renewed every three years. All staff are required to submit evidence of completion of 30 hours of in-service training (defined as one extension unit) in order to have certification renewed.
Individuals whose certification has been expired for more than five years are required to complete a refresher course (length of course to be determined by the Child Care Facilities Board) in order to have the certificate renewed.
Certification does not expire and does not need to be renewed.
In most situations, certification does not expire. However, if an individual has obtained a Child Care Worker III certification through equivalency, certification must be renewed on an annual basis. In order to renew certification, the individual is required to complete an Early Childhood Development course in each year. If the courses are not completed, the certificate will expire.
Withdrawal of certification
According to Child Care Licensing Regulation, the director may cancel a certification if he/she is satisfied that the certification was issued based on false or inaccurate information.
The Child Care Licensing Regulations allows the director to suspend or cancel, attach terms or conditions to or vary terms or conditions of a certificate if, in the opinion of the director, the certificate holder does not meet the requirements described in section 19 [character and skill requirements] or has engaged in conduct that detrimentally affected the health, safety or well being of a child.
The Community Child Care Standards Act allows for cancellation or suspension of a certificate when the director is satisfied that an individual has made a false statement in the application for the certificate, or believes that the employment of the person named in the certificate may be hazardous to the health, safety or well-being of children.
Certification may be withdrawn if an individual allows it to lapse. It will be reinstated upon submission of documentation of required professional development and reapplication.
The Day Care Act and Regulations allows for cancellation of a certificate when the Minister is satisfied that the Classification / School-Age Training Approval was issued based on false information, or the individual has been found guilty of a criminal offense by a court of law, or the individual has failed to provide proof of continuing professional development
The College of Early Childhood Educators may suspend a certificate for non-payment of fees, or suspend or revoke a certificate resulting from an action taken by the Fitness to Practice Committee or the Discipline Committee of the College of Early Childhood Educators.
The Child Care Facilities Act gives the authority to the Child Care Facilities Board to investigate complaints, and exercise discipline or professional remediation of certificate holders by revocation, restriction or suspension of a certificate, by reprimand, retraining or rehabilitation requirement, fine or other means.
The certification process is not included in legislation; therefore, withdrawing certification is a matter of administrative process rather than "authority". Certification would be withdrawn if the certification had been issued in response to false information.
Recognized post-secondary ECE programs in province
The Certification Guide for Child Care Staff contains a list of approved public colleges and private vocational schools in Alberta with recognized ECE certificate and diploma programs.
The Approved Training Institutions Offering Early Childhood Education Programscontains a list of recognized public and private post-secondary institutions and adult education programs that are usually offered through school districts. All are approved by the Early Childhood Educator Registry. Private institutions must also be accredited by the Private Career Training Institutions Agency (PCTIA).
A list of approved Manitoba post-secondary ECE programs are listed in the Information on the Classification of Early Childhood Educators and Child Care Assistants document.
All programs are reviewed, approved and monitored by the Child Care Education Program Approval Committee (CCEPAC).
The New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) offers the ECE certificate program, which may be achieved in one year of full-time study or through distance education. Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) is available for those with experience in ECE.
The NBCC Saint John campus is now offering an ECE diploma program for individuals with an ECE certificate and a minimum of three months of related work experience. The Collège communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick (CCNB) is now offering an optional two-year diploma program. The Collège will continue to offer the one-year ECE certificate with the option of continuing to complete the two-year ECE diploma.
Four private colleges have also had their ECE programs recognized at the Certificate level within the province.
All ECE programs at post-secondary institutions recognized by the Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Education are approved. Approval from the Department of Education is guided by Newfoundland and Labrador's Early Childhood Care and Education Program Standards (2012).
Post-secondary ECE programs are recognized based on compliance with the Nova Scotia Post Secondary Standards for Early Childhood Education. A "training program in Early Childhood Education" means one of the following:
All ECE diplomas from an Ontario College of Applied Arts and Technology (OCAAT) are recognized. Non-OCAAT programs recognized by the College include:
There are two post-secondary institutions in P.E.I. with recognized ECE programs: a two-year diploma program at Holland College and a two-year diploma program at Le Collège Acadie Î.-P.-É.
The Ministry of Education assesses the ECE program against 22 ECE competencies or Techniques d'éducation à l'enfance. Each of these websites includes a drop-down menu to find public and or private approved ECE colleges.
Programs are reviewed every five years in order to determine continued compliance with the defined competencies.
Cégep@distance is an alternative for people who have time and distance constraints but who wish to continue their education. Cégep@distance is a full-fledged member of Québec's college network and provides training that is recognized as equivalent to classroom training offered in Quebec's CEGEP programs. At the current time, Cégep@distance offers the full one-year Attestation d'études collégiales(AEC) course by distance in French language only. Course for the three-year Diplôme d'études collégiales (DEC) program are now being developed.
The one-year Attestation d'études collégiales certificate may be offered at any of the private or public colleges in the province.
ECE certificate and diploma programs offered through the various campuses of the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology (SIAST) and the Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technology (SIIT) are recognized. Regional colleges and other institutions offer SIAST courses regionally.
Yukon College is the only post-secondary institution in the Yukon Territory that offers an ECE program. Yukon College is recognized by the Department of Education.
Related qualifications acquired in province
A number of post-secondary educational programs related to human services are considered equivalent and an individual who has completed such a program is eligible for certification. For a list of educational equivalencies, click on Educational Equivalency Chart.
A college-level English or French course is also required for certification as a Child Development Worker or Child Development Supervisor as part of, or in addition to, the completed educational program.
Individuals who have not completed a course of study, or who have completed a program not on the list above, may have their courses assessed against a Course Hours Equivalency Chart, which sets out the number of course hours required in five content areas for each level of certification.
Certification requirements are based on course hours in five categories:
For both levels of certification at least one college-level English or French course is required.
See Course Hours Equivalency chart located in the Certification Guide.
There are two routes to recognize competencies acquired through experience and informal learning for certification towards a Child Development Worker: the Life Experience Equivalency Process (LEEP) and the Bow Valley College Challenge process.
The ECE Registry will consider education related to early childhood education if the course content covers at least 80 percent of the material in an ECE program. A Bachelor of Primary Education with an ECE specialization and a Bachelor of Child and Youth Care with an ECE specialization are considered comparable to an ECE. Typically, individuals with other credentials qualify as an ECE Assistant.
The Registry may contact the early childhood education program at a post-secondary institution to determine if the education is comparable or they refer the individual to Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR), which is offered at Northern Lights, College of the Rockies and Douglas College. The Registry will identify for the individual areas of study missing; the individual then completes the courses in those areas at an approved training institution.
Individuals with post-secondary education (generally two years) and 60 hours of professional development within the last two years may apply to the Competency Based Assessment/Prior Learning Assessment (CBA/PLA) program. It takes approximately eight months to complete and entitles the individual to an ECE II classification. Details of the CBA/PLA program are contained in theCompetency Based Assessment/Prior Learning Assessment Program and Policies brochure available from the Manitoba Child Care Program.
A Bachelor of Primary or Secondary Education from a New Brunswick university is recognized as "trained" for purposes of licensing. Other degree credentials are recognized as "trained" for purposes of wage subsidy, but not for licensing purposes.
The Registrar for Child Care Services Certification will assess related credentials to determine Equivalency and make recommendations to the Provincial Director of Child Care Services for approval. The Director of Child Care Services may then determine that a combination of educational qualifications are equivalent to one of the certification levels.
Applicants for Level One Classification provide proof of completion of course work inclusive of three post-secondary courses in the following subject areas:
Curriculum and Programming for Young Children
Applicants for Level One Classification provide proof of completion of a guided workplace experience providing opportunities to link course work with practice.
Applicants for Level One Classification provide proof of completion of the Orientation for Staff Working in Licensed Child Care Facilities.
Level One Classification course work and the guided workplace experience is completed through a recognized post-secondary institution.
Related ECE credentials other than those listed above are not usually recognized. An applicant may have their credentials assessed at a post-secondary institution to determine if any of the courses are transferable to an ECE diploma program.
Any of the following sets of basic training, extension and experience qualifications from an institution or agency approved by the Board or, in unusual cases, some other comparable combination of training and experience acceptable to the Board qualifies an individual for a certification as a supervisor in a Type I facility:
Years of Experience
University degree (or equivalent) in Early Childhood Development or Child Study
Diploma (or equivalent) in Early Childhood program of at least two academic years
Diploma (or equivalent) in Early Childhood program of at least one academic year
University degree (or equivalent award) in a field related to child care or education
Post-secondary diploma (or equivalent) in a field related to child care or education
Credit for 10 university semester courses in a field related to child care or education
For the purpose of certification, 800 hours work experience in a licensed child care facility is recognized by the Child Care Facilities Board as equivalent to one year of experience.
The following post-secondary credentials and/or experience are recognized as equivalent training:
The Manager of Credentials and Quality Improvement assesses the applicant's transcript against the certification requirements and identifies equivalencies and any additional courses required. Certification requirements are based on course hours in four categories:
Note: There is no requirement for a practicum in the equivalency process for ECE II and III when equivalencies are based on a compilation of courses outside an ECE Certificate or Diploma program.
Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) is available at SIAST if the individual has two years experience in the ECE field within the last five years. All courses for the ECE certificate program can be challenged through PLAR, as well as all courses for the ECE Diploma program.
Click here for the SIAST PLAR Guide.
A degree or diploma in the Health and Social Sciences fields or a Bachelor of Education will be considered for equivalency for a Child Care Worker Level III. Applicants must first successfully complete a 45-hour early childhood development course. Applicants can then apply, along with all transcripts, for Level III Child Care Worker designation.
If an applicant is granted a Child Care Worker Level III designation, there will be a requirement that an additional Early Childhood Development course be completed within a year and each year thereafter. Certification is granted on a yearly basis and includes an expiration date. All child care workers must then re-apply for their Child Care Worker designation and provide proof of successful completion of ECD/ECE coursework. If the requirements have been met, certification will be granted for another year. It is strongly recommended that the third or fourth Early Childhood Development course completed be a field placement course.
Out-of-province ECE qualifications
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education as defined in provincial/territorial legislation in another province or territory that meets AIT requirements will be certified in Alberta at an equivalent level providing the original provincial credential/certificate/license is submitted.
If the applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, an assessment of credentials will be required. Official transcripts and application form are submitted to the Child Care Staff Certification Office. All post-secondary ECE certificate and diploma programs are recognized, providing the home province/territory recognizes the educational institution. If the training program is from an educational institution not recognized by the provincial home jurisdiction, courses may not be assessed towards certification.
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education as defined in provincial/territorial legislation in another province or territory will be certified in British Columbia at an equivalent level.
Original or notarized copies of certification are required plus the character/competency letter, application form and, if applicable, a letter from the training institution confirming completion of an infant/toddler practicum.
If the applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, an assessment of credentials is carried out. Please note that a two-year ECE diploma from a post-secondary institution, recognized in its home province, is deemed equivalent to an ECE. The applicant must submit an official transcript and a Program Confirmation Form completed by the training institution, forwarded directly to the Registry. A Program Confirmation outlines the course content and instructional hours completed by the applicant. If the credential is more than 10 years old, proof of work and PD must also be submitted. Other ECE credentials are reviewed against B.C.'s Occupational Competencies Assessment tool. The Registry identifies additional areas of study required and the B.C. post-secondary institution identifies courses that meet those areas of study. Alternatively, the applicant may contact a training institution approved by the ECE Registry to discuss an academic assessment of the individual's training, or they may undertake PLAR at Northern Lights, College of the Rockies or Douglas College. Click here for details.
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education in another province or territory may apply for classification in Manitoba under the Agreement on Internal Trade and The Labour Mobility Act.
If an applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, an assessment of credentials is carried out. All two-year ECE diploma programs from a public college in Canada are recognized in Manitoba. A completed application form and an official transcript are sent to the Qualifications Coordinator. Applicants may be eligible for the CBA/PLA program, which takes about 8 months to complete. The process involves portfolio development, self assessment and demonstration of the evidence of performance, assessed against the Standards of Performance developed for the field.
Any one-year or two-year ECE credential from a post-secondary institution that is a member of the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC) or that is accepted by another province in Atlantic Canada is recognized in New Brunswick. Other qualifications are referred to New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) or the Collège communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick (CCNB) for assessment.
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education as defined in provincial/territorial legislation in another province or territory will be certified in Newfoundland and Labrador at an equivalent level. If the applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, the Registrar for Child Care Services Certification will review completed course work and practicum requirements, compare them to the Newfoundland and Labrador Early Childhood Care and Education Program Standards (2012), and make determination as to equivalency. Out-of-province ECE credentials are recognized if they are from a public or private college recognized in the home province.
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education in another province or territory may apply for Classification in Nova Scotia under the Agreement on Internal Trade and The Labour Mobility Act.
If an applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, an assessment of credentials is carried out.
A completed application form and an official transcript are sent to Child Care Staff Classification Services.
Previously, Canadian trained applicants were referred to the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario (AECEO) or the Association francophone des services a l enfance de l Ontario (AFESEO) in order to have their educational qualifications individually assessed.
The College's process for individual assessment of educational credentials will apply to individuals who have relevant post secondary educational credentials, equivalent to an ECE diploma from an Ontario College of Applied Arts and Technology, but did not graduate from:
Please contact the College for more information regarding this process.
The College's application guide contains a list of Canadian Early Childhood Education programs outside of Ontario whose credentials are recognized by the College as of August 2008. See pages 5-8 of the Application Guide.
Applicants with an ECE credential as outlined in the Guide from an approved post-secondary institution may proceed with an application for registration with the College. Following the review, a learning prescription outlining necessary courses is provided to the applicant. See the steps to equivalency.
Applicants are usually required to take, at a minimum, Ontario-specific courses on legislation, health and safety, and a supervised practicum. The requirements must be completed within a two-year time frame. Once the prescription is completed, the AECEO provides a Letter of Equivalency Certificate to the applicant, who can then move to the registration process with the College.
Applicants must submit a completed application form, proof of language fluency, copies of official diplomas/degrees and transcripts, and documentation of relevant work experience, including a resume, job descriptions and reference letters. Unless the applicant is exempt, an ECE Knowledge Assessment Exam and Language Fluency Testing is a required part of the equivalency process. See the equivalency handbook and the equivalency application.
There is an equivalency application fee of $100 and an ECE knowledge assessment exam fee of $50. The time from application to receiving a letter of prescription is approximately 6-8 weeks.
Out of province equivalency assessment will eventually become the responsibility of the College of Early Childhood Educators.
Note: Dialogue is underway between the College and the Ministry of Child and Youth Services regarding the implementation of the terms of the Agreement of Internal Trade.
ECE credentials from public colleges outside P.E.I. are recognized. Individuals who have credentials from an institution that is not recognized in P.E.I. have the option of having their credentials reviewed by the college to determine if any of the courses or content would be recognized. Once the individual has successfully completed the required course material they submit the official transcript to the Child Care Facilities Board.
Two-year ECE programs of at least 1,800 hours are deemed equivalent to a DEC. Individuals must have a secondary school diploma earned in another province of Canada because, outside Québec, high school education is one year longer than in Québec.
One-year ECE certificate programs between 750 and 1,800 hours are deemed equivalent to an attestation of college studies (ACS) or a university certificate in Québec. No equivalency is granted for graduates of other early childhood programs comprising less than 750 hours of training.
Individuals must present a copy of their diploma and official transcript to the child care licensee.
Individuals certified in Early Childhood Education as defined in provincial/territorial legislation in another province or territory will be certified in Saskatchewan with equivalent course qualifications.
If the applicant has not already achieved certification in another province or territory, an assessment of credentials is carried out. The Early Learning and Child Care Program maintains a list of recognized post-secondary ECE programs and related credentials deemed to be equivalent. The ECE certificate, diploma or related credential must be from a recognized and approved post-secondary institution whose ECE credentials are recognized in its home province. If the credential is not deemed to be equivalent, the course outlines are reviewed to determine content and hours. Course areas required are identified and communicated to the applicant.
Applications for certification received from outside the Yukon Territory are assessed for compliance with the number of hours of study required for each level of certification in each of the learning streams, which include Health, Child Development, Self-Esteem, Methods, Field Placement and Electives.
Out-of-country ECE qualifications
The Child Care Staff Certification Office conducts assessments of out of country post-secondary qualifications. Applicants must submit notarized English translation of official transcripts as needed. A college-level English or French course is required for certification as a Child Development Worker or Child Development Supervisor. Post-secondary credentials from an institution recognized in its home country may be recognized for assessment towards certification. See the Educational Equivalencies Chart for details.
Applicants may be referred or choose to have their educational qualifications assessed by the International Qualification Assessment Service (IQAS) to determine equivalency of their educational program when it does not match the Child Care Staff Certification Office Educational Equivalencies Chart. Assessments completed by IQAS are recognized by the by the Child Care Staff Certification Office.
Applicants may also contact one of Alberta's public colleges and request an assessment of their post-secondary coursework to identify gaps in training to determine what additional ECE courses are required to obtain equivalency to an ECE certificate or diploma.
The following credentials are accepted as equivalent:
Individuals with other out-of-country credentials are required to have them evaluated by the International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES). ICES requires an official transcript as a basis for the evaluation and a Program Confirmation Form completed by the training institution. There is a $225 fee per credential evaluated. See the evaluation process for details. The review takes approximately 7 weeks.
In addition to the ICES report a Program Confirmation must be completed by the training institution and sent directly to the ECE Registry. This document will outline the course content and instructional hours completed by the applicant at their training institution.
Once the ICES evaluation and Program Confirmation is received, the ECE Registry either grants equivalency or identifies additional areas of study required and the BC post-secondary institutions identify courses that meet those areas of study.
International credentials and applications are handled on a case-by-case basis. Usually the applicant is asked to provide a resume and to have an interview with the Qualifications Coordinator. An educational equivalency assessment is conducted by the Manitoba Child Care Program in consultation with the Manitoba Department of Labour and Immigration. There is no fee for the assessment.
Based on the equivalency assessment, the Qualifications Coordinator determines the classification levels and, if an individual is eligible, may refer them to the Early Childhood Educator/Internationally Educated Qualifications Program (ECE:IEQ). The program takes approximately 14-16 weeks to complete and, upon successful completion, the individual receives an ECE II classification. Eligibility requires the individual to have at least two years international post-secondary education with an Early Childhood Education focus, experience working in ECE before arriving to Canada, and be underemployed or seeking employment in the child care field. Individuals are assigned a peer mentor/assessor and the program includes an orientation, workshops, networking sessions and access to resource materials. There is no fee for the IEQ process.
Out-of-country applicants are referred to New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) or the Collège communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick (CCNB) for assessment.
The Registrar for Child Care Services Certification reviews international credentials. Assessment is guided by Newfoundland and Labrador's Early Childhood Care and Education Program Standards (2008). It is required that you send a general credential assessment comparing the credential to a Canadian credential from World Education Services with your documentation. If documentation is in a language other than English an official translation is required. Program and course descriptions and contact information for the post-secondary institution are recommended to facilitate assessment.
International credentials and applications are handled on a case-by-case basis. Applications are submitted to Child Care Staff Classification Services.
International applicants must include an English or French translation of all documentation submitted along with the application form.
International applicants may be required to complete all or part of the Orientation for Staff working in Licensed Child Care Facilities.
French language applicants who are internationally trained and require an individual assessment of their educational credentials should apply directly to the College beginning April 1, 2010. Please contact the College for more information regarding this process.
English language applicants who are internationally trained and require an individual assessment of their educational credentials should continue to seek a Letter of Equivalency from the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario until Friday, July 30, 2010 5:00pm. As of July 31, 2010 the College will directly handle applications from internationally trained applicants who require an individual assessment of their educational credentials.
Please Note: Letter of Equivalency certificates or Recognition of Equivalency certificates issued by the AECEO or AFÉSEO prior to February 23, 2014 will continue to be accepted by the College as meeting the educational qualification component of the application process for membership in the College.
The Child Care Facilities Board is responsible for assessing international credentials. International credentials from a public post-secondary institution are recognized; otherwise the Board assesses on a case-by-case basis. Individuals may be referred to the Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) in the United States.
Some diplomas earned outside Canada may be recognized in Québec. In order to be considered as qualified, the education and experience requirements must be identical to those required of Québec graduates.
Individuals who have completed studies abroad must complete the request for a "Comparative Evaluation for Studies Done Outside Québec" issued by the Ministère de l'Immigration et des Communautés culturelles. This document compares programs outside the province with the Québec educational system and its principal diplomas. See list of documents that must be sent with the request form.
The Manager of Credentials and Quality Improvement assesses out-of-country credentials on the same terms as qualifications acquired in Canada. See Certification Process.
The Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) recommends agencies across Canada to assist in the assessment of credentials obtained in countries outside of Canada. While no such agency operates within the Yukon Territory, individuals may request assessment of their credentials at agencies located in other jurisdictions.
In British Columbia, the International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES) assesses credentials from other countries to compare education earned outside of Canada to the general education ladder in Canada. ICES reports offer a general comparability of the years and levels of study necessary to complete a program.
Interested persons may contact ICES at the following address. A fee is involved.
International Credential Evaluation Service
3700 Willingdon Avenue
Burnaby, British Columbia V5G 3H2
Telephone: (604) 432-8800; Toll-free (within North America): 1-866-434-9197;
Fax: (604) 435-7033
ICES notes that their evaluations are advisory in nature and do not guarantee, replace or supersede the assessments required by professional or trade associations or for admission to educational institutions or organizations. The evaluation reports are designed to support and facilitate hiring or admission decisions made by employers, regulatory bodies and educational institutions.
There is no formal appeal process under the regulation, but the applicant must complete a Request for Reassessment Form to the Child Care Staff Certification Office to have their credentials reviewed again, stating the rationale for the request along with any new supporting documentation. The applicant is advised in writing as to the outcome of the reassessment.
Individuals who disagree with a decision regarding action that has been taken on their license as well as decisions related to the application or renewal to practice may send a written request for the ECE Registry to review and reconsider the file. Appeals to the decision of the Director may be made within 30 days to the Community Care and Assisted Living Appeal Board.
Individuals who have had their transcripts assessed by the Manitoba Child Care Program may appeal their classification level in writing within 90 days of being assessed. If resolution is not achieved in an interview with the individual, appeals are sent to the Staff Qualifications Review Committee, whose members are appointed to a term by the minister, and an appeal hearing may be held.
There is a two-step appeal process for individuals who are not satisfied with their assessed Level or Classification of Certification. A request for review may be made to the AECENL Board of Directors, stating the reason for the review. The Board will notify the individual in writing with its decision. A further request for review may then be made in writing to the Provincial Director of Child Care Services, with reasons stated for the second review.
There is no formal appeal process. However, individuals may request to have their qualifications re-assessed if there is additional information/documentation presented.
An individual denied registration may present their case in writing to a Registration Appeals Committee of the College. Following the review, the committee's decision is binding.
Individuals seeking equivalency from AECEO or AFÉSEO who are not in agreement with the letter of prescription have 30 days to appeal. There is a $100 fee for a second appeal.
At the present time there is no appeals process.
Additional information may be sent to the Manager of Credentials and Quality Improvement for reassessment. If the applicant is dissatisfied with the outcome, a further appeal can be made to the Director, Early Learning and Child Care.
Applicants may appeal the decision of the Director of Family & Children's Services to the Yukon Child Care Board.
Requirements to work in regulated family child care
There are no certification requirements for providers working under an approved family day home agency. However, providers must complete a first-aid course and have a criminal records check, including a vulnerable sector search, together with other requirements in accordance to the Family Day Home Standards Manual.
Family day home agencies must offer provider training in specific program elements and develop individual training plans based on those elements. These plans must address all areas that relate to the children and families they serve, and take into account any previous training providers have received.
The licence holder and each additional provider in a group family child care home must be certified at minimum as a Child Development Assistant. By September 1, 2012, the licence holder or an additional care provider must be certified at minimum as a Child Development Worker.
Family child care providers are not required to be certified ECEs. They are required to have a first-aid certificate and to have completed at least 20 hours course work in child development, guidance, health and safety, or nutrition. A criminal records check must be completed for any person over the age of 12 who will be ordinarily present at the facility.
There are no certification requirements for a family child care provider. Providers are required to complete an approved 40-hour post-secondary course in family child care or ECE within the first year of operating. Relevant course work completed in the previous eight years is considered valid.
Providers who are classified as an ECE II or ECE III may charge a higher daily fee, equivalent to the fees charged in child care centres.
Providers are assessed by the Manitoba Child Care Program for suitability to provide care based on recognized family child care competencies. Providers require a first-aid certificate with CPR training relevant to the age group being cared for.
All adults in family must have clear criminal record check.
There are no educational requirements to work as a regulated family child care provider. Providers must be at least 19 years old, have completed a first aid course, and have a prior contact and criminal record check.
Regulated family child care providers are required to have at least an Entry Level certification with Family Child Care classification. This classification requires successful completion of the Family Child Care Orientation Course.
Providers must hold a valid first aid certificate. A certificate of conduct and child protection record check is required for all residents of the home.
Providers must have 30 hours of professional development every three years. A certificate of conduct and child protection record check are required for all residents of the home.
Home visitors in a family child care agency are required to have a Level 2 certification with Family Child Care classification and at least two years experience in a family child care setting.
Providers must be at least 18 years old, must complete the Canadian Child Care Federation Family Home Day Care Training (Level One), hold current first aid and infant CPR certificates, provide criminal reference and child abuse registry checks, and participate in ongoing professional development training.
Family home consultants must have a Level Two or Three Classification and two years of work experience in an early childhood setting.
There are no educational or registration requirements for regulated family child care providers; however, many agencies provide training.
Home visitors (home child care advisors) in family child care agencies are required to have completed a post-secondary program of studies in child development and family studies. They must also have at least two years of experience working with children who are at the same age and developmental levels as the children enrolled with the agency and must be approved by a Director. Home visitors with an ECE credential who wish to use the title of Early Childhood Educator must register with the College of Early Childhood Educators.
Regulated family child care providers are certified as either a family child care home supervisor or a family child care home program staff. Providers must be at least 18 years old, have completed a 30-hour training program in a relevant subject area, have two letters of reference and a current first-aid certificate. Certified family child care home supervisors and/or program staff are required to renew their certification every three years and must provide evidence of completion of 30 hours of professional development (defined as one unit of continuing education) for renewal.
Family child care providers must complete a 45-hour training program on child development, health, safety and diet issues, and organization and leadership in a "life environment", and must have a valid first-aid certificate. Criminal reference and child care abuse registry checks must be completed for the provider and any family members over 14 years old. Interviews must also be completed with all family members over 14 years old. The provider must also obtain two positive references from community members (not members of family); medical, physical and mental certificate. Providers must complete six hours of professional development every year and receive an evaluation every year by the coordinating office staff. Providers are supervised by a CPE or by a family child care coordinating office.
A licensed family child care provider must successfully complete a 40-hour introductory course in ECE or equivalent within one year of becoming licensed. Providers must have first aid and CPR training, and an orientation session with a program consultant.
A licensed group family child care home provider must meet or exceed the qualifications for an ECE I within three years of licensing.
A criminal records search is required for all adults who reside in the home.
All providers must complete six hours of professional development annually.
See the Early Learning and Child Care Home Provider Application Form for more details.
Family child care providers require a Level 1 certification. They must be at least 18 years old and complete a 60 hour ECE course in order to be qualified to work in a family day home. Providers require a first-aid certificate and criminal records check.
High school students who have completed required credit courses through Career and Technologies Studies or who have completed the Child Care Orientation course while in high school are eligible for a $2,500 scholarship to pursue post-secondary studies in Early Childhood Education.
The ECE Registry database is accessible to the public, providers and licensing officials to validate a licence to practice certificate. The certificate number, the educator's first and last name, and licence expiry date is needed to access this information.
Manitoba Child Care Program has an emphasis on ensuring individuals have access to and are encouraged to acquire a post-secondary credential. Manitoba Child Care facilities have access to numerous forms of training, as well as supports, including:
Manitoba has a nine-person Child Care Staff Qualifications Review Committee to advise the minister on requirements for and qualifications of staff and the relevant training, and to perform related duties and functions as may be required by the minister.
Early Childhood Care and Education New Brunswick / Soins et éducation à la petite enfance Nouveau-Brunswick has proposed a voluntary certification model for New Brunswick. This model is now being reviewed and considered by the provincial government.
For further information, contact:
Marjolaine St-Pierre, Early Learning and Care Coordinator/Coordonnatrice de soins et éducation à l'enfance
334 rue Queen Street, Suite 204 A
Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 1B2
Telephone: (506) 454-4765; Toll-free: 1-888-834-7070
The government of Newfoundland and Labrador funds the Association of Early Childhood Educators of Newfoundland and Labrador (AECENL) to provide certification services and to support the orientation courses.
There is a registration fee for the orientation course, which is refunded after completion. The fee varies between $25-$75 depending on the classification of the course. Inactive course enrollment and/or non-return of course materials may result in forfeiture of all/part of the registration fee.
A Child Care Services Certification Advisory Committee meets quarterly to review and discuss policy issues related to certification with the Provincial Director, Child Care Services.
Details of the mandate, authority and governance of the College can be found here.
The Early Childhood Educators Qualifications Upgrade Strategy assists child care professionals working in licensed child care settings who want to upgrade their qualifications and obtain an ECE diploma. Financial support is available to eligible applicants in three ways:
A College of Trades is being proposed in Ontario, which would be the professional body that includes apprentices. Ontario has an apprenticeship program for ECE that accounts for 16% of all involved in apprenticeship programs. The implications for the child care sector are not yet known.
In addition to the requirement that all certified staff must complete 30 hours of professional development in a three-year period for renewal of certification, there is a requirement for centre licensing that all other staff (non-certified) complete the same requirement (30 hours of professional development) in order that a centre is able to renew its license.
With the exception of Registered Early Childhood Educators from Ontario, all other individuals from out of province or out of country must have their credentials reviewed by the Ministère de l'Immigration et des Communautés culturelles.
The Child Care Regulations, 2001 provide for tuition reimbursement grants (section 87). When a course has been successfully completed, $150/course is paid to the licensee (child care centre of family child care home). See Application for Tuition Reimbursement.
The Yukon Equivalency Committee was created to establish guidelines to assist in determining the specific qualifications for each level designation. The committee is representative of various stakeholders from the child care community.
Further information regarding the number of hours of study in each of the relevant learning streams may be obtained by contacting the Child Care Services Unit in Whitehorse.
Child Care Staff Certification Office
6th Floor, Sterling Place
9940 - 106 Street
Edmonton, Alberta, T5K 2N2
Telephone: (in Edmonton and outside of Alberta): (780) 422-1119; Toll-free (Alberta only): 1-800-661-9754
Fax: (780) 427-1258
Early Childhood Educator Registry
Ministry of Children and Family Development
PO Box 9961 Stn Prov Govt
Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 9R4
Telephone: (250) 356-6501; Toll-free: 1-888-338-6622
Fax: (250) 952-0765
Manitoba Child Care Program
219-114 Garry Street
Winnipeg Manitoba R3C 4V6
Telephone: (204) 945-0776; Toll-free 1-888-213-4754
Diane Lutes, Program Consultant
Early Childhood and School Based Services
Department of Social Development
P.O. Box 6000
551 King St. 2nd Floor
Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 1E7
Telephone: (506) 869-6878 (Moncton)
Fax: (506) 453-2082 or (506) 856-3013 (Moncton)
Child Care Services Certification
Association of Early Childhood Educators of Newfoundland and Labrador
P. O. Box 8657
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 3T1
Telephone: (709) 579-3004
Toll-free outside St. John's: 1-866-579-30004
Fax: (709) 579-0217
Jason Higgins, Provincial Director
Child Care Services
Department of Child, Youth and Family Services
P.O. Box 8700
28 Pippy Place
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 4J6
Telephone: (709) 729-4055
Association of Early Childhood Educators Newfoundland and Labrador (AECENL) www.aecenl.ca
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Child Care Services Division www.gov.nl.ca/cyfs/childcare/index.html
Ms. Patricia Mertins, Coordinator
Child Care Staff Classification Services
NS Department of Community Services
P.O. Box 696
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 2T7
Telephone: (902) 424-3207
Fax: (902) 424-0708
College of Early Childhood Educators
438 University Avenue, Suite 1900
Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2K8
Telephone: (416) 961-8558; Toll-free: 1-888-961-8558
140, rue Genest
Ottawa, Ontario, K1L 7Y9
Telephone: (613) 741-5107
Fax: (613) 746-6140
40 Orchard View Blvd., Suite 211
Toronto, Ontario, M4R 1B9
Telephone: (416) 487-3157 ext. 21; Toll-free: 1-866-932-3236
Fax: (416) 487-3758
Child Care Facilities Board
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
3 Brighton road P.O. Box 2000
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island C1A 7N8
Telephone: (902) 368-6513
Fax: (902) 569-7532
Ministère de la Famille et des Aînés
600, rue Fullum
Montréal, Québec H2K 4S7
Telephone: (514) 873-6271;
Centre d'expertise sur les formation acquises hors du Québec
Ministère de l'Immigration et des Communautés culturelles
255, boulevard Crémazie Est, 8e étage
Montéal, Québec H2M 1M2
Telephone: (514) 864-9191;
Fax: (514) 873-8701
Manager of Credentials and Quality Improvement
Early Learning and Child Care Branch, Ministry of Education
2220 College Avenue
Regina, Saskatchewan, S4P 4V9
Telephone: (306) 787-2004
Tammy Reinhart, Child Care Inspector and Program Consultant
Child Care Services Unit, Division of Family & Children's Services
Department of Health and Social Services, Government of the Yukon
9010 Quartz Road
Whitehorse, Yukon, Y1A 2Z5
Telephone: (867) 667-3493